Airframe and Powerplant (A&P)
A&P technicians keep aircraft in safe flying condition by servicing, repairing and overhauling aircraft components while following detailed federal regulations set by the FAA. Technicians in this field work on aircraft components and systems including the airframe, piston engines, turbine engines, electrical systems, hydraulic systems, propellers, rigging, control surfaces, instrumentation, warning systems, and environmental systems. Those with experience, advanced ratings and administrative ability can be selected for supervisory and executive positions. All FAA knowledge tests and oral and practical exams are conducted on campus.*
Some programs require up to 24 months to complete, but at Redstone you can graduate in just 18 months with an associate degree in Airframe and Powerplant (A&P) that can provide you with entry-level opportunities in this industry. The A&P program is offered at Redstone in the day or night to offer flexibility for working individuals.
Learn in a simulated work environment in our facilities, equipped with lab equipment featuring:
- Nearly 40,000 square feet of classroom and lab space
- Over 80 powerplants including two Rolls Royce RB 211-22B turbine engines
- Operational GE Walter 601D turboprop 658 shp
- Three Cessna 172s and a Beech C-35 Bonanza
- A Lear Jet Model 24D
- Tool crib with special tools including micrometers, cable tensiometers and digital scales
“I thought it was great that tools I would use in my A&P career were included in the Airframe and Powerplant program. Whenever I reached out for help, it was available.”
Airframe and Powerplant Course Work
Instructors with industry expertise will mentor you in hands-on labs in three separate hangars, using a wide range of training equipment along with a host of aircraft engines. You’ll learn how to repair and maintain aircraft and inspect aviation components. You’ll also learn how to perform operational checks and diagnose aircraft malfunctions.
We will guide you in courses designed to ensure your success in A&P, with topics in areas like:
- Aircraft Electrical – Provides an in-depth study of airframe electrical systems including inspection and repair of components and related wiring, power distribution, and circuit troubleshooting.
- Hydraulics and Landing Gear – Explores the theory, operation, troubleshooting and maintenance of aircraft hydraulic and pneumatic systems in detail.
- Aircraft Instrumentation – Covers the theory, operation, and maintenance of aircraft communication and navigation systems with an in-depth study of aircraft instrument systems.
- Aircraft Flight Controls – Covers aircraft control surfaces including system rigging, maintenance, inspection, and troubleshooting as well as aircraft fuel system theory.
- Aviation Science – Addresses mathematics skills needed to calculate aircraft weight and balance as well as basic physics concepts of motion, fluid dynamics, heat, sound, and aerodynamics.
- Aviation Maintenance – Practices cover corrosion control; materials and processes; maintenance publications, forms and records; fluid lines and fittings; aircraft drawings and mechanic privileges.
- Reciprocating Engine Systems – Describes how to troubleshoot, repair, and time an aircraft magneto; explain engine instrument, electrical, and fuel systems; plus a reciprocating engine lubrication system.
- Fuel Metering and Propellers – Discusses propeller operation and inspection requirements, and how to troubleshoot and repair reciprocating engine fuel metering devices.
- Turbine Engine System – Explains how to operate and troubleshoot turbine engine lubrication, fuel metering, ignitions, engine instruments, fire protection systems, and auxiliary power.
Plus, we’ll help prepare you for FAA certification*, which qualifies you to work for major airlines, aircraft manufacturers, general aviation and aerospace companies, and the U.S. government. You’ll graduate with the skill set that employers demand in today’s increasingly complex airline industry.
Airframe and Powerplant Careers
Looking for an in-demand career path that lets you work with your hands? Become an airframe and powerplant technician and keep aircraft in safe flying condition. You’ll be trained to service, repair and overhaul an array of aircraft components and systems. With opportunities for work and career advancement almost anywhere in the U.S., Redstone graduates can enter a variety of sectors within the aviation industry:
Airlines ● General aviation ● Military contracting ● Fixed-base operations (FBO’s) ● Manufacturing ● Aircraft repair centers ● Oil and gas ● Helicopter companies
Experienced A&P mechanics with FAA certification and administrative ability can even be selected for supervisory and executive positions or to become designated FAA inspectors.*
As a graduate from Redstone’s Airframe and Powerplant program, you’ll be qualified for an entry-level A&P position in the aviation industry. From there, the sky’s the limit, so why wait? Request program info online or call 877-801-1025 today for more information on A&P.
Contact a Representative at 1-877-801-1025 to enroll today!
As the economy and population grows, passenger air traffic will also increase, spurring the growth for avionics technicians. That said, most jobs over the next decade will arise due to retirees and workers leaving the field for other careers.4
Aerospace giant Boeing released a long-term market outlook report predicting that as global economies grow and tens of thousands of new commercial jetliners are produced, the demand for pilots and educated technicians will also grow exponentially. The company anticipates more than 584,000 new maintenance technicians will be needed over the next 20 years.5
In the United States, aircraft mechanics must be certified as mechanics by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Mechanics are as important as pilots in maintaining the safety of air travel and preserving the faith that fliers have in the aircraft in which they travel. So what are the requirements to be an aircraft mechanic? They include education, experience and an assessment of skills.
Aircraft mechanics are required to be at least 18 years of age and, if working in the United States, able to speak, read and write fluently in English. Once these conditions are met, there are two paths to becoming a qualified aircraft mechanic. Earning sufficient experience is the first path, while graduating from an FAA certified flight school is the second.
Through on the job training some aircraft mechanics, such as airframe, powerplant, or avionics or aviation maintenance technicians, gain the practical experience necessary to meet basic FAA requirements for a mechanic’s certification. This experience includes 18 months of working on powerplants or airframes or 30 months of experience working on both simultaneously. This combination of experience enables mechanics to work on all of the major components of aircraft. Often mechanics gain this experience during time in the military.
Aspiring mechanics without related military or civilian experience can choose to enroll in an aircraft mechanic school that has been approved by the FAA. There, they can gain both the theoretical and practical knowledge to effectively repair airframe, avionics or powerplant systems. Some mechanics will additionally earn an inspector’s certification to inspect and approve the work of other mechanics.
Aspiring mechanics can also pursue certifications in multiple areas, such as airframe and powerplant. This dual certification can make a mechanic more marketable and appealing to commercial airlines.
Aircraft mechanic jobs and careers offer a challenge for those who are fascinated with airplanes and have a knack for working with machinery. With 142,300 jobs in the industry in 2010 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, this is a competitive field that requires skill and training to succeed.1
As an aircraft mechanic, you would inspect, maintain and repair airplanes and helicopters. Typical duties include diagnosing mechanical or electrical problems, replacing defective parts and inspecting the work you’ve completed to make sure it meets the standards required for safety. You might also repair the wings, brakes and electrical systems on the aircraft and keep records of the repairs and maintenance you performed. Other duties might include measuring various parts for wear, checking for defects in parts and testing equipment to ensure it is functioning properly. Careful, precise work is required to make sure that the aircraft is safe.
Many aircraft mechanics work on all parts of the aircraft. Others specialize in specific parts such as the electrical systems or the engine, and some work only on preventative maintenance, inspecting all parts of the aircraft for wear and replacing any parts that are defective or worn out. Other mechanics specialize in repairs, usually based on the pilot’s description of a problem. They are the detectives of the aircraft world, finding and fixing problems that might not be obvious at first. Some people interested in this field will become avionic technicians who work specifically on flight instruments and radar systems.
To get a job as an aircraft mechanic, you must have specialized schooling and get certified through the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Most aircraft mechanics get their schooling at Aviation Maintenance Technician Schools approved by the FAA. Many of the aircraft mechanic schools offer 18 to 24 months of training to be certified, while others offer two or four-year degrees in aircraft mechanics.
Once schooling is over, anyone seeking to be an aircraft mechanic must pass the FAA certification tests. There are separate tests for airframe mechanics and engine mechanics as well as a combined Airframe and Powerplant certificate, commonly known as an A&P certificate. The A&P certificate tends to be more of a competitive advantage for aircraft mechanics who are looking for a job.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics1, the majority of aircraft mechanics work in the scheduled air transportation industries such as shipping and passenger transportation, with a smaller number working for aerospace companies or the federal government. For people who love working with aircraft and who are willing to earn the training required, the aircraft mechanic field may be a great career option.
1 Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition, Aircraft and Avionics Equipment Mechanics and Technicians (visited October 19, 2012).
Aviation maintenance personnel ensure that aircraft are safe to fly. If you enjoy the field of aviation and want to become an aircraft mechanic, you will need an airframe and power plant, or A&P, license. With a solid math and science foundation, you can earn your certification in as little as two years.
Requirements for the A&P Certification
The basic requirements for enrolling in an A&P education program include a high school diploma or the educational equivalent. You must also speak fluent English and be at least 18 years old. Some schools provide the basic tool set that you will need during your training while others require that you supply your own. The cost of the program will vary based upon the school, and you will be required to complete prescribed coursework, such as avionics, sheet metal, structural systems and hydraulics. The program will include classroom instruction and hands-on training.
Rather than attend a technical school, you may be able to receive on-the-job training where you work under the direct supervision of an FAA licensed mechanic. This process can take as long as 30 months, and requires you to maintain a detailed log of your training. Prospective candidates can also receive the required training as an aircraft mechanic in the military; however, you will be required to submit an official letter from your military organization detailing your experience and length of service. The letter should provide information about the type of aircraft that you maintained, details on your military specialties, and the location where you were assigned when you worked on the aircraft. FAA examiners sometimes exclude certain military experience because of its narrow focus.
After you complete the required minimum level of training, you are eligible to take the FAA certification test, which has three sections. They are the general exam and the two exams that determine your knowledge of airframes and power plant maintenance. There is a fee for each portion of the test. Candidates must demonstrate their proficiency during a written, practical and oral examination. When you successfully pass all three sections of the exam, the FAA will issue you an A&P license.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is the governmental regulatory body that ensures air travel safety. As part of ensuring air travel safety, the FAA certifies and provides licenses to a wide range of aviation professionals, including pilots, mechanics, flight attendants and others.
The Importance of Pursuing FAA Certification
Several years ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics investigated the job outlooks of FAA-certified mechanics and non-certified mechanics. What the investigators found was that non-certified mechanics are employed in lower numbers and receive lower pay than mechanics with FAA certification. Based on this it is evident that getting FAA certified can help you advance in this field.
Requirements for Different FAA Certifications
Here’s a brief look at common FAA certifications and their requirements, listed in alphabetical order:
Aerospace engineer / operations technician:
An aerospace engineer or operations technician is an aviation professional who operates and maintains the equipment used in the process of developing and producing new aircraft or spacecraft. FAA certification is not required for this career option, however, those who do earn an aircraft mechanic certification have an edge in employability over those who do not.
Mechanics and avionics equipment technicians repair aircraft and perform scheduled aircraft maintenance. There are two basic types of certifications available: Airframe, and Powerplant. Although employers will hire individuals with only one of these certifications, the majority of employers prefer to hire technicians who have the combined certificate, or A&P.
Commercial pilots operate passenger or cargo flights. The future pilots first gain experience in the military or from an FAA-approved flight school. Once they have received this training and have 250 hours of flight time, pilots can take their FAA certification exam.
Flight attendants must also be certified by the FAA. A flight attendant is first hired by an airline and given initial training for three to six weeks. After the company’s training, the future flight attendant is ready to gain FAA certification by passing a basic proficiency check. Flight attendants must be certified for each type of aircraft they serve on, which means they must update their training and certification each time they serve on a new type of airplane.
How to Get FAA Certified:
- Must be at least 18 years of age
- Must have at least 18 months of practical experience gained on-the-job, through military experience with aircrafts or by graduating from an FAA-approved technician school
- Must pass three types of exams – written, oral and practical
- Final Thoughts About FAA Certification
FAA-certified mechanics, pilots and flight attendants need only a GED or high school diploma before they pursue the additional training that will lead them to becoming an aviation professional. Although these professions usually require further training at an FAA-approved school, a degree from a traditional university is not required. The aviation industry is one of the few remaining industries where a traditional bachelor’s degree is not required to hold a fairly high-level job.
Aerospace giant Boeing released a long-term market outlook report and it contains good news for those interested in a career in avionics. The report predicts that as global economies grow and tens of thousands of new commercial jetliners are produced, the demand for pilots and educated technicians will also grow exponentially. The company anticipates more than 533,000 pilots and 584,000 airline maintenance technicians will be needed over the next 20 years.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics1, job prospects will be best for technicians who hold an Airframe and Powerplant (A&P) certificate and keep up with technical advances in aircraft electronics and composite materials. The BLS states many older aircraft mechanics are expected to retire between 2010 and 2020, allowing management and entry-level positions to open up for younger mechanics.
Boeing predicts that as next-generation airplanes begin to dominate fleets in the coming years, reliability will improve and maintenance check intervals will lengthen. This trend is likely to moderate the growth of technician positions, but overall hundreds of thousands of new jobs will be created as the global fleet rapidly expands.
The Asia Pacific Region is predicted to lead the spike in technician job growth, with approximately 224,000 new technician personnel needed. North America is predicted to see the second largest growth in demand with 109,000 new technicians required. Airlines in Europe will require 102,000, the Middle East 62,000, Latin America 44,000, the Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Republics) 24,000 and Africa 19,000, according to the report.
In the United States all aircraft mechanics must have specialized schooling and receive certification through the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in order to secure a job in the field. There are separate tests for airframe mechanics and engine mechanics as well as the combined A&P certificate. According to the BLS, the majority of aircraft mechanics and technicians work in the scheduled air transportation industries such as shipping and passenger transportation, with a smaller number working for aerospace companies or the federal government.
1Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition, Aircraft and Avionics Equipment Mechanics and Technicians (visited May 10, 2013).
From Don Sonago, senior manager of technical operations for United Airlines, Inc.
Aircraft designs and technology have come a long way over time, which has proved very demanding for current and upcoming aviation maintenance technicians. In addition, the FAA is predicting a shortage of technicians to fill the void in our aging workforce.
In years past, AMTs mostly performed engine work. Now that engineers have developed engines that run without issues for thousands of hours, our primary focus has turned to repairing the new material being used to fabricate the fuselage, avionics and electrical systems.
The Boeing 787 is the latest introduction into commercial aviation with these highly sophisticated systems and structural developments. The aircraft had its challenges along the way, but is proving to be an industry leader in passenger comfort and fuel economy, which are areas emphasized throughout the aviation industry.
In order to keep this new technology flying, we need people who are highly trained to maintain these systems and produce a clean, safe, reliable and affordable product our customers can appreciate and are willing to pay for. You can price yourself out of the market if you don’t do your job correctly. Troubleshooting a pilot report incorrectly, which causes delay and inconvenience, is a primary example of this. As an AMT, many people rely on you to do your job as quickly as possible while ensuring it gets done correctly so they can get to their destination as scheduled. Bad troubleshooting leads to cost overruns, delayed flights, and very disappointed customers, who ultimately pay the price for mistakes made.
The new AMT must be an individual who can think outside the box and be a leader. We don’t need technicians who have to be told what to do and how to do it. Most of an AMT’s time is unsupervised, but all work closely with their peers to accomplish these tasks. This obviously requires them to be good team players because it is a group effort to accomplish these goals.
I firmly believe this industry has the most diversity to offer anyone looking for a challenge, since it tests your knowledge and abilities every day. This career field isn’t for a person who wants to go into work expecting to do the same tasks each day. It is a good match for a person who is ready to face whatever is thrown at him or her daily.
If you’re willing to take on this challenge, the rewards are tremendous, and you will have a career which will surpass anything you can imagine. You’re not just a technician; you’re an Aviation Maintenance Technician who can make a difference by making decisions and repairing multi-million dollar equipment. You will be envied by other technicians in different career fields and respected by other industries for what you do throughout the world.
Forbes’ list of the Top 15 Blue-Collar Jobs includes Avionics Technicians with an average annual income of $56,940. Forbes found these high-paying blue-collar jobs by examining data collected each year by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), a division of the Labor Department. The BLS defines blue-collar and service occupations in the following way: “precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators and inspectors; transportation and moving occupations; handlers; equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service occupations.” The data is collected through surveys that are mailed to businesses, and each spring the Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates are released. If you prefer a career that gets you up and out of the office, far away from briefcases and neckties, check out the list.
*Graduates without experience in the field will likely start in entry-level positions. Westwood College does not guarantee employment or salary. Please refer to westwood.edu/disclosures for important information about our programs, including salary information, job titles and employers of our graduates, as well as information about median loan debt and potential occupations from the Department of Education. Redstone prepares graduates for certification. Graduates wishing to attain certification must take and pass any applicable test/exams.
**Rate is based upon graduates from July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014, as reported on the Denver and Denver East ACICS Campus Accountability Reports. Detailed employment figures for graduates of each campus is available.